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Τετάρτη, 1 Σεπτεμβρίου 2010

Ο Πρόεδρος της Ελληνικής Δημοκρατίας υποδέχεται τον κ. Χρήστο Μαριδάκη


 «Ο Πρόεδρος της Δημοκρατίας κ. Κωνσταντίνος  Στεφανόπουλος απεδέχθη παράκληση του Προέδρου "ΑΙΑΝΤΙΣ" κ. Χρήστου  Μαριδάκη όπως επισκεφθεί το Προεδρικό Μέγαρο συνοδευόμενος από τον Κυριάκο και Ευγενία Μαριδάκη. Κατά τη διάρκεια της επίσκεψης ο Πρόεδρος της Δημοκρατίας ενημερώθηκε για τις κατάσταση που βρίσκεται η Ιστορική περιοχή της Αρχαίας Σαλαμίνας και για τις πολύχρονες προσπάθειες του συλλόγου για την προστασία-ανάπλαση και ανάδειξη της κηρυγμένης Ιστορικής και Αρχαιολογικής περιοχής της Ναυμαχίας της Σαλαμίνας.

Η συνάντηση διήρκεσε 25 λεπτά, διεξήχθη μέσα σε πολύ φιλικό και εγκάρδιο κλίμα και ο κ.Μαριδάκης έμεινε  ικανοποιημένος από τις θέσεις του  προέδρου της Δημοκρατίας για το συγκεκριμένο θέμα.
 

   
Ο Πρόεδρος της Ελληνικής Δημοκρατίας κ. Κωνσταντίνος Στεφανόπουλος με τον Κυριάκο και την Ευγενία Μαριδάκη .







             Ο κ. Μαριδάκης με τους Υπασπιστές της Α.Ε. του Προέδρου της Δημοκρατίας


Ο Πρόεδρος της Δημοκρατίας μετά την συνάντηση που είχε με τον Πρόεδρο κ. Χρήστο Μαριδάκη έδωσε  εντολή στα αρμόδια Υπουργεία Υ.ΠΕ.ΧΩ.ΔΕ.,Πολιτισμού να γίνουν ενέργειες για  προστασία, ανάπλαση  και ανάδειξη όλου του Ιστορικού και Αρχαιολογικού χώρου της Αρχαίας Σαλαμίνας.





Οι πολύχρονες αγώνες του ¨Αιαντις¨ έπιασαν επιτέλους τόπο ! 


Η ενότητα των αρχαιολογικών χώρων της Σαλαμίνας, προωθείται με σχέδιο του ΥΠΕΧΩΔΕ είναι πλέον γεγονός!!!                      

Το  προϋπολογισμού 800 εκατομμυρίων δρχ.- έργο προβλέπει τη διαμόρφωση του αρχαίου λιμανιού στα Αμπελάκια και του Τύμβου των Σαλαμινομάχων και την ενοποίησή τους, καθώς και τη δημιουργία Οικομουσείου και «Κέντρου Ερμηνείας» . Το έργο έχει εγκριθεί από το υπουργείο Εθνικής Οικονομίας, ενώ με επιστολή του προς τον υπουργό Εμπορικής Ναυτιλίας Χρ. Παπουτσή, ο υπουργός ΠΕΧΩΔΕ Κώστας Λαλιώτης ζητά να επιταχυνθούν οι διαδικασίες παραχώρησης για την υλοποίηση του προγράμματος παραλιακών χώρων στο δήμο Αμπελακίων.
Η Νομαρχία Πειραιά αντέδρασε αρνητικά στην  προσπάθεια ανάπτυξης και προβολής της Ιστορικής αυτής περιοχής της Σαλαμίνας με αποτέλεσμα να μην προχωρήσει η διαδικασία υποστηρίζοντας την συνέχιση των εργασιών αμμοβολής στην περιοχή της Κυνοσουρας  !!!!!!!


Συνέντευξη τύπου

Ο Πρόεδρος κ.Χρήστος Μαριδάκης μαζί με τους κ.κ. Υπουργούς Λαλιώτη και Σουμάκη , εκπροσώπους απο το  Υπουργείο Εμπορικής Ναυτιλίας σε σύσκεψη που έγινε στα Αμπελάκια της Σαλαμίνας με θέμα την τη διαμόρφωση του αρχαίου λιμανιού στα Αμπελάκια και του Τύμβου των Σαλαμινομάχων και την ενοποίησή τους, καθώς και τη δημιουργία Οικομουσείου και «Κέντρου Ερμηνείας»

ΕΝΑ ΑΓΑΛΜΑ ΓΙΑ ΤΗΝ ΣΑΛΑΜΙΝΑ ΑΠΟ ΤΗΝ ΝΕΑ ΥΟΡΚΗ!!

 ΕΝΑ ΑΓΑΛΜΑ  ΔΩΡΕΑ  ΑΠΟ ΤΙΣ ΗΝΩΜΕΝΕΣ ΠΩΛΙΤΕΙΕΣ  ΓΙΑ ΤΟΥΣ ΣΑΛΑΜΙΝΟΜΑΧΟΥΣ ...ΠΟΥ ΔΕΝ ΤΟΠΟΘΕΤΗΘΗΚΕ ΠΟΤΕ!!

Οι τιτάνιες προσπάθειες του Προέδρου κ.Χρήστου Μαριδάκη μαζι με την  κ. Despina Spanoy-Ikarι Executive Director "The International Institue of Classical Humanities " in New York U.S.A. ώστε να τοποθετηθεί  ενα εντυπωσιακό άγαλμα (Ελέυθερο πνέυμα - Free Spirit )του  διεθνείς φήμη γλύπτη Νίκου Ίκαρη  εις μνήμη των Σαλαμινομαχων δυστυχώς έπεσαν στο κενό αφού  ο Δήμος Αμπελακίων δεν υποστήξε την ιδέα αυτή ..... με αποτέλεσμα το άγαλμα να έρθει στην Ελλάδα και να .... ξαναγυρίσει πίσω στην Νέα Υόρκη αφου κανείς απο την Τοπική αυτοδιοίκηση δεν φιλοτιμήθηκε να υποστηρίξει την προσπάθειά αυτή του κ.Μαριδάκη..... !!!!!



Τα συμπερασματα δικά σας





ΧΩΡΙΣ ΣΧΟΛΙΑ

Ο  ΔΗΜΑΡΧΟΣ ΤΩΝ ΑΜΠΕΛΑΚΙΩΝ - ΑΡΧΑΙΑΣ ΣΑΛΑΜΙΝΑΣ  κ.ΓΚΙΝΗΣ ΚΑΙ ΤΟ Δ.Σ.  ΟΜΟΦΩΝΑ ΑΠΟΔΕΧΕΤΑΙ ΤΗΝ ΔΩΡΕΑ ΤΟΥ ΑΓΑΛΜΑΤΟΣ ΤΟΥ  ΔΙΕΘΝΟΥΣ ΙΝΣΤΙΤΟΥΤΟΥ ΑΝΘΡΩΠΙΣΤΙΚΩΝ ΣΠΟΥΔΩΝ ΤΗΣ ΝΕΑΣ ΥΟΡΚΗΣ....ΑΛΛΑ ΚΑΝΕΙΣ ΔΕΝ ΘΕΛΗΣΕ ΝΑ ΤΟ ΠΑΡΑΛΑΒΕΙ ΚΑΙ ΝΑ ΤΟ ΤΟΠΟΘΕΤΗΣΕΙ......





Dr. Despina Ikaris with  Professor Anestis Kolitiris from New York in Mayor Hall in Ambelakia - Ancient Salamis.

THE BATTLE OF SALAMIS

 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=543y5pw4Gn0




Η ΚΑΤΑΣΤΡΟΦΗ ΤΟΥ ΙΕΡΟΥ ΧΩΡΟΥ ΤΩΝ ΣΑΛΑΜΙΝΟΜΑΧΩΝ !! VIDEO ΑΘΕΑΤΟΣ ΚΟΣΜΟΣ


 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=frQQ8Zcgu8Y

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WLoSzucHmpY



 Aeschylus claims that as the Persians approached (possibly implying that they were not already in the Straits at dawn), they heard the Greeks singing their battle hymn (paean) before they saw the Allied fleet



Ὦ παῖδες Ἑλλήνων ἴτε,
ἐλευθεροῦτε πατρίδ', ἐλευθεροῦτε δὲ
παῖδας, γυναῖκας, θεῶν τέ πατρῴων ἕδη,
θήκας τε προγόνων:

νῦν ὑπὲρ πάντων ἀγών.


Forward, sons of the Greeks,
Liberate the fatherland,
Liberate your children, your women,
The altars of the gods of your fathers
And the graves of your forebears:

Now is the fight for everything.


A significant number of historians have stated that Salamis is one of the most significant battles in human history (though the same is often stated of Marathon). In a more extreme form of this argument, some historians argue that if the Greeks had lost at Salamis, the ensuing conquest of Greece by the Persians would have effectively stilted the growth of 'western civilization' as we know it.This view is based on the premise that much of modern western society, such as philosophy, science, personal freedom and democracy are rooted in the legacy of Ancient Greece.Thus, this school of thought argues that, given the domination of much of modern history by 'western civilization', Persian domination of Greece might have changed the whole trajectory of human history.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Salamis


Ancient sources:
Herodotus, The Histories Perseus online version
Aeschylus, extract from The Persians
Ctesias, Persica (excerpt in Photius's epitome)
Diodorus Siculus, Biblioteca Historica.
Thucydides, History of the Peloponnesian War
Ephorus, Universal History
Plutarch, Themistocles
Cicero, On the Laws

Themistocles

 article by Jona Lendering ©

(Museo Ostiense, Ostia; ©**) Themistocles (c.525-459): Athenian military commander, statesman, and one of the main architects of the Athenian Empire.

Themistocles was born in a village named Phrearrhioi as the son of a man named Neocles. His mother was a non-Athenian from Thrace or Caria. According to Themistocles' biographer Plutarch of Chaeronea, the young man "was of a vehement and impetuous nature, of a quick apprehension, and a strong and aspiring bent for action and great affairs", but this is probably nothing but a retroprojection. In Antiquity, it was widely believed that great statesmen already showed their qualities when they were still young. It is only when Themistocles obtained the office of archont in 493/492 BCE that he becomes "visible" for us. After his tenure of this office, he became member of the Areopagus, the influential council of former magistrates.

In those years, Athens was involved in two major foreign conflicts. The most important seemed to be the war with the island Aegina, which could threaten Athenian commerce as it was situated opposite the port of Athens, Phaleron. The other conflict was with the Persian empire in the east. In the third quarter of the sixth century, the Persian king Cyrus the Great (559-530) had conquered the Greek cities of Asia Minor, but in 499, they had revolted against king Darius I the Great (522-486), and Athens had briefly supported the rebels.

When Themistocles was archont, the Persians were restoring order, and it was rumored that the Persians would one day invade Europe to punish the Athenians. The Greek researcher Herodotus of Halicarnassus, writing half a century later, believed that Darius wanted revenge. In 492, the great king sent his relative Mardonius to conquer Macedonia, and in 490, his generals Datis and Artaphernes conquered the Aegean islands. After this, they wanted to bring back Hippias, the former tyrant of Athens, to his native city, but they were defeated by the Athenian general Miltiades near Marathon (on 10 September or 12 August 490). According to later sources, one of the Athenian vice-commanders was Themistocles. It may be true, but it is more likely that the story was inspired by Themistocles' later successes against the same enemy.


It seems that by now, Themistocles already was a controversial politician. The Athenian democracy appears to have been in some state of turmoil and in six successive years, as many politicians were ostracized, including Xanthippus (the father of Pericles) and Aristides (surnamed "the Just"). There is additional, archaeological evidence for these ostracisms in the form of a great many potsherds, excavated at the Athenian agora, mentioning several well-known political leaders. Among them, Themistocles figures prominently. We do not know why he was so controversial, but it may be that his policies, which were later considered to be radical, were already leading to critical questions. On the other hand, he was not ostracized.


Athenian coin, minted between 482 and 480 (British Museum; ©**)

In the year 483/482, a vein of silver was discovered near Laurion, east of Athens. Under normal circumstances, the state would have given every citizen a sum of money and would have leased out the mining rights. Themistocles, however, proposed to use the money to build warships. The war between Athens and Aegina had already lasted several years, and Themistocles argued that the Athenian ships were no match for the larger fleet of the enemy.

The Athenian People's Assembly (ekklesia) accepted this argument, but many must have seen through the proposal. In the east, the Persian king Darius had been succeeded by his son Xerxes, who had ordered a full-scale expedition against the "Yaunâ", the Greeks. His engineers were already digging a canal through the Athos (text), and it was easy to understand that Xerxes wanted to use a very large fleet to support his army during the invasion of Greece. Themistocles' shipbuilding program was directed against Persia, not Aegina.



But there's more to this than meets the eye. The obvious lesson of Marathon had been that the Persians could be defeated by heavily-armed infantry (the hoplites). Not everyone could buy armor, and most Greek infantry units were, consequently, dominated by more or less rich men. Building a navy meant that the Athenians wanted to employ poor people as rowers. Themistocles' policy, therefore, meant the radicalization of the democracy. He also laid the foundations of what was to become a naval empire.

Many traditional politicians must have objected to the shipbuilding policy, which was revolutionary, but they knew that there was no alternative: if Xerxes needed to dig a canal for his fleet, he needed many ships, and if he needed many ships, he wanted to support a very large army. The Persian king had understood the lesson of Marathon too: the Greek infantry could only be defeated with a very large numerical superiority.


There were many other Greek politicians who understood what was about to happen, and in the autumn of 481, they organized a congress in Corinth to prepare for the war against the invaders. It is at this stage that Themistocles convinced the Athenians that they had to prepare for the evacuation of their city. Our main source, the Histories by Herodotus, suggests that the city was evacuated much later, but an inscription found at Troezen suggests otherwise. The stele contains the text of a decision by the People's Assembly that the Athenians must leave their homes, settle their families in Troezen, recall the exiles (a/o Aristides and Xanthippus), and fight against the Persian invader. The navy was sent to two places: Artemisium and Salamis. The decree was proposed by Themistocles.

Artemisium and Salamis are the exact locations where the Greeks fought against the Persians in the autumn of 480, and several scholars have found this suspicious. Besides, the letters of the inscriptions clearly belong to a later date and several formulas are unusual for the first quarter of the fifth century. However, although the inscription must be dated in c.300 BCE, the main text is probably authentic, and proves that Themistocles foresaw that the Greek armies would be unable to prevent the Persian invasion, and knew that the only place to defeat the Persians was at sea - near Artemisium and Salamis.

At about the same time -king Xerxes had already reached Sardes in Lydia- the Greeks sent envoys to the oracle of Delphi, asking advise from the god. At first, Apollo suggested the Greeks to flee to the edges of the earth, but on Themistocles' request the god advised them to rely upon "a wooden wall", i.e., the navy. A brief Greek expedition to the north in the spring of 480, to check if it was possible to defend Greece at Tempe, was soon aborted.


In the summer, the Persians finally invaded Greece and defeated the Spartan infantry that guarded Thermopylae. At the same time, the Persians found the Greek navy on its way near Artemisium. Its admiral was Eurybiades, the commander of the small Spartan flotilla. However, the Athenians had manned 127 galleys and it was natural that the real Greek commander was Themistocles. When the Persian fleet arrived at the opposite shore, Eurybiades wanted to retreat, but Themistocles -who wanted to counter the Persian offensive before it reached Athens- bribed him to stay. For two days, the Persians and Greeks fought, but on the third day, the invaders repelled the defenders. The Greeks would have had to evacuate their position anyhow, because Thermopylae had fallen and the Persian cavalry might attack them in the rear.


After the fall of Thermopylae and the evacuation of Artemisium, Athens was lost. Defending the city in Boeotia would have been an act of gallant irresponsibility, because the superior Persian numbers would have outmatched the brave Greek soldiers. The only hope for Athens and for Greece was to prevent Xerxes to keep this large army, and this was only possible by destroying the Persian transport fleet. Lack of food would force the invader to return. Unfortunately, the Greeks had failed to do so at Artemisium, and the invaders easily reached Athens. However, the Greek navy was still more or less intact and had occupied the island Salamis, opposite the Athenian port at Phaleron.



The straits of Salamis

Herodotus tells about talks among the Greek admirals, but his reports are confused. One of his claims is that the others wanted to sail away and Themistocles had to blackmail them. If the other Greeks would leave Salamis, the Athenians would give up the struggle, take their families on board and sail to Italy with their navy of 200 vessels. The result of this blackmail was, according to Herodotus, that everyone agreed to stay. This is not very likely, because the Greek position at Salamis was excellent.

Another story is that the admirals became scared when they saw the approaching enemy fleet. Again: unlikely, because they had already seen the Persians at Artemisium. Herodotus says that Themistocles understood that the others would only fight if the Persians attacked them - but why should they enter the shallow and narrow bay? Therefore, Themistocles sent a messenger to inform Xerxes that if he wanted an easy victory, he should attack immediately, because the Greeks were to leave the island at dawn. Xerxes swallowed the bait, and ordered his fleet to enter the bay under cover of an almost moonless night. At dawn of 29 September 480, however, the Persian navy suddenly found itself under attack; since the bay was narrow, their superior numbers meant nothing, and they were forced to retreat.


The reality of the stratagem of the informer has been doubted by several historians. Yet, the story is also told in the tragedy The Persians by the playwright Aeschylus, written only a couple of years after the naval battle. It is possible that it is true.

However this may be, "Salamis" meant the end of the Persian offensive. The navy was damaged and at the same time, Babylon was restless. We know the names of two rebel kings in Babylon: Bêl-šimânni and Šamaš-eriba, and although they had revolted in 484, there is evidence that Xerxes intervened in 479 (Arrian of Nicomedia, Anabasis, 7.17.2). This explains why the Persians were unable to continue their offensive after Salamis.


An ostrakon mentioning Themistocles son of Neocles"

It should be stressed that from a Persian perspective, the "Greek war" was not yet lost after Salamis. On the contrary. Xerxes had won a naval victory off Artemisium and had won a battle at Thermopylae. He had added Thessaly and Boeotia to the Persian empire and had captured Athens. In spite of the losses at Salamis, Xerxes could truthfully state in his Daiva inscription that he ruled "all the Yaunâ, those who dwell on this side of the sea and those who dwell across the sea".

Themistocles was now at the zenith of his fame. Next year, his decline started. There was no need for a naval policy anymore: the Persians had recalled many troops, and what remained was defeated by the Spartan general Pausanias at Plataea in the summer of 479. The commander of the Athenian regiment was Aristides. Nor was Themistocles present when the Greek navy attacked the remains of the Persian fleet at Mycale; here, the commander was Xanthippus. (Both men had been recalled from ostracism by Themistocles.)

Still, Themistocles was an influential man, and in the winter of 479/478, he visited Sparta as a guest of honor. His hosts soon regretted their hospitality. There were persistent rumors that the Athenians were building new walls, but Themistocles told the Spartan authorities that he was unaware of this project. The Spartans believed him, not knowing that Themistocles was just trying to gain time. In the end, however, he admitted that the Athenians had indeed fortified their city, and that the Spartans, who had commanded the Athenians during the war against Xerxes, now had to treat their former subjects as their equals.

Themistocles' role in the 470's is unclear, but he played a role in the founding of Piraeus as Athens' new harbor, and it is certain that the Athenians thought he was becoming too powerful. Therefore, he was ostracized and settled in Argos, where -in spite of his exile still an Athenian nationalist- he continued an anti-Spartan policy, until the Spartans informed the Athenians that Themistocles was negotiating with king Xerxes. This was probably untrue, but the Athenians converted the ostracism into a death sentence, and the Argives extradited him.

Themistocles was able to escape, but where did he have to go? In the end, he choose Persia. After all, it was believed in Greece that he had wanted to betray Athens to the Persians, and perhaps the great king believed this strange rumor too. So, Themistocles settled in Magnesia in Asia Minor. Our sources are unclear about the name of the Persian king who offered asylum. It may have been Xerxes himself, in which case the Athenian arrived in the first half of the 460's; or it may have been Xerxes' son Artaxerxes, who succeeded to the throne in 465.

In 459, Themistocles died, sixty-five years old. His tomb was still visible on the market of Magnesia in the second century CE. It is possible that the man who had saved Greece and had laid the foundations of the Athenian democratic sea-empire was forced to commit suicide. As proponent of a radical democracy, he was succeeded by Pericles, the son of Xanthippus.

Barry Strauss brings ancient warfare to life in The Battle of Salamis

 By Franklin Crawford

The real story of war doesn't make it into history books, poet Walt Whitman once opined. Barry Strauss, Cornell professor of history and classics and an expert on ancient warfare, took old Walt's lament as a challenge.


Strauss' latest book, The Battle of Salamis: The Naval Encounter That Saved Greece -- And Western Civilization (Simon and Schuster, 2004), is all about reconstructing an ancient naval battle in as exacting detail as can be rendered -- from wind speeds and the stench of the ship's hold to the garments of a warrior queen and the thoughts that might have been inside her head. Given that the showdown occurred in 480 B.C., primary sources are, of course, missing in action. But there are accounts from Herodotus and Thucydides, Aeschylus, Plutarch -- even the much-maligned Timotheus, as well as a score of modern scholars who have all taken their best shots at the pivotal battle.

Enter Strauss, who, in addition to his reputation for keen, edgy scholarship, is himself an avid rower (he took up sculling at age 40 and wrote a book on it) and an authority on ancient oar-powered fighting vessels such as the Greek triremes that were used at Salamis. His research took him to excavation sites and museums in Turkey to Greek fishing villages. Strauss read modern war diaries and even interviewed his own father, a WWII veteran, to get a sense for the "face of war."

As the book's flyleaf states, the battle of Salamis "was the most important naval encounter of the ancient world. In the narrow strait between the island of Salamis and the Greek mainland, a heavily outnumbered Greek navy defeated the Persian armada ... The Greek triumph at Salamis stopped the advancing Persians and saved the first democracy in history. It made Athens the dominant city in Greece, gave birth to the Athenian empire, and set the stage for the Age of Pericles."

The story is populated with a star-studded cast of characters: "Themistocles, the Athenian commander who masterminded the victory (and tricked his fellow Greeks into fighting); Xerxes, the Persian king who understood land but not naval warfare; Aeschylus, the Greek playwright who took part at Salamis and later immortalized it in drama; and Artemisia, the half-Greek queen who was one of Xerxes' trusted commanders and who turned defeat into personal victory."


With all these elements, it's easy to see the appeal of Salamis as both historical set piece and heroic seafaring thriller. And Strauss didn't simply wish to pen another military history of the battle of Salamis; he wanted to bring entirely new scholarship into the court of memory, drawing on nautical science, archaeology, forensic anthropology and meteorology, among other specialties -- in short, all the latest advances in the field of classical history.

"What I've been doing as a scholar before writing this book was an exercise in reading between the lines," Strauss said. "By applying the knowledge of naval archaeology or meteorology, for example, we can reconstruct an ancient world that is much richer than the pictures we get from just literary sources. When we read Thucydides or Herodotus or any of the ancient sources without that knowledge, we think, 'gosh, those guys left a lot of gaps.' [But] when we have that stuff in mind, suddenly it begins to make sense and a lot of the gaps get filled in."

In addition to bolstering ancient sources with modern scholarship, Strauss crafted a visceral accounting as full of sun, sea, sweat and blood as necessary to spice the tale. Strauss also details the "Persian campaign in Greece and flesh[es] out a picture of society and warfare in the ancient world, illuminating such topics as Persian court protocol, the prayers of Corinthian temple prostitutes and the proper method of ramming an enemy trireme," according to Publisher's Weekly.

He boldly enters into the heads of the major players on the field of battle, speculating on their states of mind. In choosing a novelistic approach to the narrative, he followed the leads of military historians like John Keegan and Stephen Ambrose, who err on the side of creative verisimilitude. Where Strauss is in doubt he says so or qualifies his observations.

The result is his most popular book to date. Hitting the shelves in June 'twixt the Hollywood blockbuster "Troy" and the summer Olympics in Athens, Strauss found The Battle of Salamis to be a hot item. He was featured three times on National Public Radio and Salamis garnered international attention, receiving rave reviews as well as a few dissenters.

Strauss didn't time it that way. His book was a culmination of a career's worth of thinking about warfare and a desire to write about an ancient naval battle. The writing itself took about a year or more and the whole process about three years, he said.

Spanish, Portuguese and Greek translation rights to Salamis have been sold and Strauss has been invited by Greek-American groups for a speaking tour on the West Coast and in Rocky Mountain states, and he also has been invited to speak at the New York Public Library and various universities.

Sticklers for the "just the facts, ma'am" school of history might have a bone to pick with Strauss' book. But he doesn't abide "the old party line" when it comes to history, he said.

"I think it's really important for ancient historians to use their imaginations -- guided by scholarship -- to try to [recapture] what it might have been like," he said. "There is immense value to writing scholarship that says, 'I'm only going to tell you the thing that we can be 100 percent sure of ...' But you also need scholarship that tells you, 'Look, I can't say with mathematical certainty what it was like, but I can tell you with a certain amount of probability that this is what it might have been like.'"

Strauss added, "I think it's our job as students of history and humanists to imagine what the past was really like in three dimensions. I think we're not doing our full job if we don't."

"Η....ΤΡΑΓΩΔΙΑ ΤΗΣ ΣΑΛΑΜΙΝΑΣ" RealNews

Κυριακή 9 Μαιου 2010
Realnews Σελίδα  7
http://www.realnews.gr/
planet@realnews.gr

"Αστικά λύματα,σκουπίδια και τοξικά υπολείμματα αμμοβολών πνίγουν το νησί του Θεμιστοκλή Περιβαλλοντικό έγκλημα διαρκείας συντελείται στη Σαλαμίνα,με την ανοχή της Πολιτείας"


Άρθρο του Δημοσιογράφου της Realnews κ.Γιάννη Μύττη το οποίο αναφέρετε στις Αρχαιολογικές και Περιβαλλοντικές καταστροφές που γίνονται μέχρι τώρα στην (Αρχαία Σαλαμίνα) Κυνοσούρα της Σαλαμίνας με κίνδυνο να καταστραφεί όλος ο Ιστορικός-Αρχαιολογικός χώρος και προπάντων να απειλείτε άμεσα η υγεία των κατοίκων του νησιού από τις καρκινογόνες/τοξικές ουσίες των παράνομων αμμοβολών που προκαλούν καρκίνο και στειρότητα.(Με την ανοχή της Πολιτείας!!             
 




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